Amore e pianto, vivono accanto

World Oldest Alphabet Reveals Life of Ugarit Kingdom

LATTAKIA, (SANA)- Pottery shards discovered in Ugarit tell the story of this Kingdom in different political, economic, social and cultural features and reveal the grandeur of ancient Lattakia.

The excavation works carried out in the old city of Lattakia indicate that the current city was the southern suburb of Ugarit.

Head of Lattakia Antiquity Directorate, Jamal Haidar, said that the peak of Ugarit’s prosperity was in the Modern Bronze Age, 1200 to 1600 BC, being an economic linkage between Cyprus and other civilizations in the Mediterranean.

Haidar added that the archeological finds uncovered in the city are kept in the Syrian museums of Damascus, Aleppo, Lattakia and Tartous in addition to Louvre Museum in Paris.

The most important find of all is the tablet containing the Ugarit alphabet which is preserved in the National Museum in Damascus. This tablet is only figure-size, yet the thirty Ugarit alphabetical symbols were engraved on it, according to Haidar.


This alphabet is considered the oldest in the world, which replaced the system of the then spread syllable writing with the modern style of writing as we know it today.

The site of Ugarit was as generous as it provides many archeological finds that reflect the life circle back then, including holy sculptures, ivory furniture, weapons, metal and pottery pots.

Head of Ugarit Site, Ghassan al-Qayem, said that the Ugarit pottery pots and jars were of high artistic sense, adding that some of them are preserved in Louvre Museum, quoting the Greek poet Homer as saying ” there are no pots that compete the beauty of the Ugarit’s.”


Al-Qayem pointed out that 75-year excavation works could only uncover a quarter of the whole city.

He said that the tablets could tell us a lot about the life of Ugarit Kingdom, indicating that the people of the old city were famous for manufacturing wood, metal, pottery jars and textile, and they used to plant wheat and barley which were all exported abroad.

R. Milhem / al-Ibrahim



6 responses

  1. one of the greatest things missed in the conflict in Syria is the damage to our heritage as humans … no matter today’s politics and religious standpoint ..

    July 31, 2012 at 4:28 pm

    • agree, next to loss of life, the loss of ancient history, heritage is greatest loss. trying to get all photos i can saved, in case … iconoclasm is second horrendous after loss of life

      think most americans don’t understand this, they want new and improved [sic]

      July 31, 2012 at 4:32 pm

  2. oh poor, another ancient culture gone!

    tku for your post! i’d little knowledge about Syria, but get more and more news on the place through yours blogs!

    July 31, 2012 at 5:24 pm

    • hopefully not gone yet, am not sure what all has been damaged and destroyed. Syrian Army is still clearing country of foreign mercs/jihadists … we will see.
      thoughts and prayers for Syria people and heritage

      thank you 🙂

      July 31, 2012 at 5:27 pm

      • yes you are right, let pray for them!

        July 31, 2012 at 5:29 pm

  3. thank you very much

    July 31, 2012 at 5:30 pm

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